¶ Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy
our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints
which are in all Achaia:
2 Grace be to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
Paul's identity here asserts the authenticity of his office. He will clarify this more. He is countering the doctrine of Gnosticism as described on the home page for this book 2co0.
1 - Achaia The southern part of Greece as divided by the Romans. Macedonia was the northern part.
2 - Grace The Gnostic teachers would not have believed in grace.
Image is of Corinth. Cutout was for text in the book where it was used.
¶ Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father
of mercies, and the God of all comfort;
4 Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God.
.5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ.
| 3 -
Comfort Something Paul treasured here. And by knowing comfort it
can be shared. Jesus often showed compassion mt1414.
4 - Comforteth The Greek indicates a continual action.
5 - Sufferings of Christ We experience them. See mt2022, 1pe0413, ph0310, 2co0410. Suffering for Him draws us closer.
And whether we be afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation,
which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also
suffer: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation and salvation.
7 ¶ And our hope of you is stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation.
For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble which came
to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above strength, insomuch
that we despaired even of life:
9 But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God which raiseth the dead:
10 Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver us;
11 Ye also helping together by prayer for us, that for the gift bestowed upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf.
|8 - Trouble "Probably the same which is described in the nineteenth chapter of the Acts. Ac 19:1. The Corinthians knew before that he had been in trouble: he now declares the greatness and the fruit of it." (JW Notes)|
¶ For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that
in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the
grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly
.13 For we write none other things unto you, than what ye read or acknowledge; and I trust ye shall acknowledge even to the end;
14 As also ye have acknowledged us in part, that we are your rejoicing, even as ye also are ours in the day of the Lord Jesus.
|12 - In the world "For the reason for our boasting is this—the testimony of our own conscience that it was in holiness and with pure motives before God, and in reliance not on worldly wisdom but on the gracious help of God, that we have conducted ourselves in the world, and above all in our relations with you." (Weymouth NT)|
¶ And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that
ye might have a second benefit;
.16 And to pass by you into Macedonia, and to come again out of Macedonia unto you, and of you to be brought on my way toward Judaea.
17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be yea yea, and nay nay?
18 But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay.
19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea.
20 For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.
- Second benefit Paul had changed his travel plans leaving out one
of the visits to Corinth 1co1605
and some used this to label him as undecided v17.
17 - "Therefore, when I was planning this, did I do it lightly? Or the things I plan, do I plan according to the flesh, that with me there should be Yes, Yes, and No, No?" (NKJV)
Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is
.22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
23 Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet unto Corinth.
24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand.
|22 - Earnest "that is, the Spirit as the earnest (that is, money given by a purchaser as a pledge for the full payment of the sum promised). The Holy Spirit is given to the believer now as a first installment to assure him his full inheritance as a son of God shall be his hereafter (Eph 1:13,14). "Sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession" (Ro 8:23). The Spirit is the pledge of the fulfillment of 'all the promises' [v20]." (JFB Commentary)|