¶ <<A Song or Psalm of Asaph.>> Keep not thou silence, O God:
hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.
2 For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.
3 They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.
4 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.
| 1 -
... silence God is called on to respond to the "tumult" or agitation
against His people.
2 - Enemies These may have been the union of Moab, Ammon, and Edom during the reign of Jehoshaphat 2ch20.
4 - No more This we will see again at the end of time. de3226, ps10913.
| 5 For they have consulted
together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:
6 The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;
7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;
8 Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen [helped] the children of Lot. Selah.
| 5 -
7 - Amalek Apparently those living south of Idumaea. Saul spared their king 1sa1509. See map.
8 - Assur Assyrians from the central part of the Tigris valley. ge1022. See map.
| 9 ¶ Do unto them as unto
the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:
10 Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.
11 Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:
12 Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.
| 9 -
unto the Midianites Referring to the victory of Gideon of Judges
7 and 8 jg07. Also is1026.
And Sisera when Deborah was present jg04
and jg0413 for
(or "Kishon."). Near Carmel. See map.
12 - Houses Hebrew ne'oth which here might be "pasture lands." They apparently wanted the land.
| 13 O my God, make them like
a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.
14 As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire;
15 So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.
16 Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD.
- Wheel The Hebrew word was apparently also used for the
the round dried calyx of a thistle. See is1713.
The enemy was to be blown away as the wind blows a dried weed (the tumbleweed
in the US).
15 - Persecute them Compare ps03504.
16 - May seek thy name The purpose of punishment is to help us see our need for God.
| 17 Let them be confounded
and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:
.18 That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.
- Men Should be "they."
18 - Jehovah See note on ge0204.