|"This chapter may be said to form the winding up of the history of the travels of the Israelites through the wilderness; for the three following chapters relate to matters connected with the occupation and division of the promised land. As several apparent discrepancies will be discovered on comparing the records here given of the journeyings from Sinai with the detailed accounts of the events narrated in the Book of Exodus and the occasional notices of places that are found in that of Deuteronomy, it is probable that this itinerary comprises a list of only the "most important" stations in their journeys--those where they formed prolonged encampments, and whence they dispersed their flocks and herds to pasture on the adjacent plains till the surrounding herbage was exhausted. The catalogue extends from their departure out of Egypt to their arrival on the plains of Moab." (JFB Commentary)|
| 1 ¶ These are the journeys
of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with
their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.
2 And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the LORD: and these are their journeys according to their goings out.
.3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the LORD had smitten among them: upon their gods also the LORD executed judgments.
| 1 -
Journeys The Hebrew word is based on another one meaning "to pull
up." As they moved from one location to another, they pulled up their tent
1 - Armies The Hebrew word may also be translated "hosts" which would be better here. They went in an orderly way.
2 - Moses wrote Notice how.
3 - Rameses "... a city built by the Hebrews during their servitude in Egypt, Ex 1:11. It was situated in the land of Goshen; and appears to have been the capital of that country, Ge 47:10. From it they commenced their united exodus from Egypt, Ex 12:37; Nu 33:3,5 [on this page]. It is thought to have been on the line of the ancient canal from the Nile to the Red sea, and some thirty-five miles northwest of Suez." ATS Dictionary.
4 - Perhaps the departure was while the Egyptians were burring their dead.
4 - Upon their gods The plagues demonstrated that only the God of creation was to be worshipped. ex0717, ex0802, ex1212.
| 5 And the children of
Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.
6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.
.7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol.
.8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.
.9 And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they pitched there.
| 10 And they removed
from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea.
11 And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin.
12 And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah.
.13 And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush.
14 And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink.
15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.
| 16 And they removed
from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah.
17 And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth.
18 And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah.
19 And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez.
20 And they departed from Rimmonparez, and pitched in Libnah.
21 And they removed from Libnah, and pitched at Rissah.
22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelathah.
| 23 And they went from
Kehelathah, and pitched in mount Shapher.
24 And they removed from mount Shapher, and encamped in Haradah.
25 And they removed from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth.
26 And they removed from Makheloth, and encamped at Tahath.
27 And they departed from Tahath, and pitched at Tarah.
28 And they removed from Tarah, and pitched in Mithcah.
29 And they went from Mithcah, and pitched in Hashmonah.
.30 And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth.
31 And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Benejaakan.
| 32 And they removed
from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad.
33 And they went from Horhagidgad, and pitched in Jotbathah.
34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah.
.35 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber.
.36 And they removed from Eziongaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.
.37 And they removed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.
|35 - Departed ... encamped at ... See on 2ch0817.|
And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD,
and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were
come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month.
39 And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor.
| 40 And king Arad the
Canaanite, which dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the
coming of the children of Israel.
41 And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah.
42 And they departed from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon.
43 And they departed from Punon, and pitched in Oboth.
44 And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Ijeabarim, in the border of Moab.
45 And they departed from Iim, and pitched in Dibongad.
46 And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim.
.47 And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.
.48 And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.
49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethjesimoth even unto Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.
|47 - Mountains of Abarim See on nu2712, nu2111. Also nu2717.|
¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near
51 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan;
.52 Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places:
|52 - Drive out de0701.|
And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein:
for I have given you the land to possess it.
.54 And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man's inheritance shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit.
.55 But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.
56 Moreover it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.
|54 - Divide ... by lot ... the more See on jos1402.|