Verses 1-22 list soldiers who sided with David. Verses 23-40 lists the numbers by tribe who participated in David's crowning at Hebron.
| 1 ¶ Now these are they
that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of
Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the
2 They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin.
3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite,
4 And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite,
5 Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite,
6 Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites,
7 And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.
| 1 -
Ziklag In SW Judah 1sa2706.
It was then held by the Philistines, 10 mi. north of Beersheba. See Palestine
(The city does not appear on the map.)
2 - Both This skill is noted in jg2016.
And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold
to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that
could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions,
and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains;
9 Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,
10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,
11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh,
12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth,
13 Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh.
14 These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand.
|8 - The hold Perhaps Adullam 1ch1115.|
| 15 These are they that went
over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and
they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward
16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David.
17 And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it.
|15 - First month The religious year began in the spring, late March to late April for us. It was called Nisan, then Abib. The rainy season ended at this tmie.|
Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he
said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace
be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee.
Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
19 And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads.
|18 - Spirit came upon Amasai A Levite, who joined David with thirty gallant men, while in the desert fleeing from Saul, 1Ch 6:25.|
| 20 As he went to Ziklag, there
fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael,
and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were
21 And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host.
22 For at that time day by day there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God.
|20 - Captains These were influential Manassite leaders.|
¶ And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to
the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him,
according to the word of the LORD.
24 The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war.
25 Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred.
26 Of the children of Levi four thousand and six hundred.
| 27 And Jehoiada was the leader
of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven hundred;
.28 And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father's house twenty and two captains.
29 And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul.
30 And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous throughout the house of their fathers.
31 And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king.
|28 - Zadok Who apparently was apointed high priest 2sa0817. Abiathar had been with David 1sa2220.|
| 32 And of the children of
Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what
Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren
were at their commandment.
33 Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: they were not of double heart.
34 And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand.
35 And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred.
36 And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand.
37 And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand.
- Children of Issachar "Jewish writers say that the people of this
tribe were eminent for their acquirements in astronomical and physical
science; and the object of the remark was probably to show that the intelligent
and learned classes were united with the military, and had declared for
David." (JFB Commentary.
33 - Keep rank They were well disciplined. They were not of double heart, loyal to David.
All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to
Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel
were of one heart to make David king.
39 And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.
40 Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.
- Eating and drinking The coronation feast.
40 - Even unto Issachar Tribes far to the north. The whole kingdom would follow David.