| 1 ¶ Then spake Elisha
unto the woman, whose son he had restored to life, saying, Arise, and go
thou and thine household, and sojourn wheresoever thou canst sojourn: for
the LORD hath called for a famine; and it shall also come upon the land
2 And the woman arose, and did after the saying of the man of God: and she went with her household, and sojourned in the land of the Philistines seven years.
3 And it came to pass at the seven years' end, that the woman returned out of the land of the Philistines: and she went forth to cry unto the king for her house and for her land.
| 1 -
The text does not imply a time relationship. "And" would be a better translation.
The restoration of the son is recorded in 4:8-37.
1 - Arise ... sojourn ... famine "All such calamities are chastisements inflicted by the hand of God; and this famine was to be of double duration to that one which happened in the time of Elijah (Jas 5:17) --a just increase of severity, since the Israelites still continued obdurate and incorrigible under the ministry and miracles of Elisha (Le 26:21,24,28)." (JFB commentary). The fact that she was to command her household is evidence that her husband may have died.
2 - Sojourned ... Philistines That is, she was a temporary resident for seven years.
3 - For her house Her property had been taken over by someone else who refused to return it to her. For other such appeals to a king, see 2sa1404, 1ki0316, 2ki0626.
| 4 And the king talked
with Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, Tell me, I pray thee,
all the great things that Elisha hath done.
5 And it came to pass, as he was telling the king how he had restored a dead body to life, that, behold, the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the king for her house and for her land. And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, this is the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life.
6 And when the king asked the woman, she told him. So the king appointed unto her a certain officer, saying, Restore all that was hers, and all the fruits of the field since the day that she left the land, even until now.
| 4 -
talked Or "Now the king was talking with Gehazi, the servant
of the man of God, saying, Now, give me an account of all the great things
Elisha has done." (BBE). This was apparently before Gehazi had been dismissed.
5 - As he was telling Certainly a good opportunity for the Shunammite to appeal. The lady's nationality should not be confused with the "Shulamite," Solomon's lover/wife. See on so0613.
¶ And Elisha came to Damascus; and Benhadad the king of Syria was
sick; and it was told him, saying, The man of God is come hither.
8 And the king said unto Hazael, Take a present in thine hand, and go, meet the man of God, and enquire of the LORD by him, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?
9 So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Benhadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease?
10 And Elisha said unto him, Go, say unto him, Thou mayest certainly recover: howbeit the LORD hath shewed me that he shall surely die.
.11 And he settled his countenance stedfastly, until he was ashamed: and the man of God wept.
.12 And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child.
.13 And Hazael said, But what, is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, The LORD hath shewed me that thou shalt be king over Syria.
Gateway of Damascus
10 - Why this strange message? Keep reading.
| 14 So he departed from
Elisha, and came to his master; who said to him, What said Elisha to thee?
And he answered, He told me that thou shouldest surely recover.
15 And it came to pass on the morrow, that he took a thick cloth, and dipped it in water, and spread it on his face, so that he died: and Hazael reigned in his stead.
¶ And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat
being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah
began to reign.
17 Thirty and two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.
.18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife: and he did evil in the sight of the LORD.
19 Yet the LORD would not destroy Judah for David his servant's sake, as he promised him to give him alway a light, and to his children.
20 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.
- Fifth year of Jeoram He apparently
reigned with his father Jehoshaphat 2ki0117,
The history of the kingdom of Judah resumes here from 1ki2250.
18 - Walked in the way ... daughter of Ahab See 2ki1409.
"Athaliah, through whose influence Jehoram introduced the worship of Baal and many other evils into the kingdom of Judah (see 2Ch 21:2-20). This apostasy would have led to the total extinction of the royal family in that kingdom, had it not been for the divine promise to David (2Sa 7:16). A national chastisement, however, was inflicted on Judah by the revolt of Edom, which, being hitherto governed by a tributary ruler (2Ki 3:9; 1Ki 22:47), erected the standard of independence (2Ch 21:9)." (JFB).
18 - He did evil Up to this point these words described kings of the Northern Kingdom. Now evil was practice in Judah. Jehoram killed his brothers when taking the throne.
19 - Lord would not destroy The Light of the world was to come through the line of David. Satan was surely working through wicked kings.
So Joram went over to Zair, and all the chariots with him: and he rose
by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him about, and the captains
of the chariots: and the people fled into their tents.
.22 Yet Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.
23 And the rest of the acts of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
.24 And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.
- Joram went over to Zair To combat the independence of the
Edomites. " This is the same as Seir, a chief city of Idumea. So Isa
21:11: The burden of Dumah (Idumea.) He calleth to me out of Seir."
(Clarke). "A mountainous tract lying between the southern extremity of
the Dead Sea and the eastern gulf of the Red Sea. Mount Hor [Sinai] formed
part of Seir, and is the only part that retains its original name." (ATS
21 - Smote the Edomites "It appears that the Israelites were surrounded by the Idumeans; and that in the night Joram and his men cut their way through them, and so got every man to his tent, for they were not able to make any farther head against these enemies; and therefore it is said, that Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day."
23 - Written ... Chronicles See comments about Joram in 2ch21.
24 - Joram slept About his death see 2ch2112-19.
¶ In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did
Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign.
.26 Two and twenty years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri king of Israel.
- Joram An abbreviation of the name, Jehoram. Also for this
name, see vss23,4.
26 - Athaliah. See re1701jez, 2ch23.
| 27 And he walked in
the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, as
did the house of Ahab: for he was the son in law of the house of Ahab.
28 And he went with Joram the son of Ahab to the war against Hazael king of Syria in Ramothgilead; and the Syrians wounded Joram.
29 And king Joram went back to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.
- Way of ... Ahab He was influenced by his wicked mother,
Athaliah. See 2ch2203.
29 - Jezreel See Galilee area map, lower left.