Hannah prays after dedicating Samuel; I speak boldly 1
Even the barren gives birth 4
The Lord raises the poor from the dust 8
Elkanah went home but the boy stayed 11
Corruption of Eli's sons 12
Samuel ministered before the Lord; His parents were blessed 18
Eli's sons failed to listen 22
A man of God reveals that the Lord is displeased 27
The "old man" will be gone; those left will be faithful 30
¶ And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine
horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because
I rejoice in thy salvation.
.2 There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God.
3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
|1 - My heart rejoiceth Hannah's second visit to Shiloh was not with tears as before 1sa0101-17. The first 10 verses of this chapter record her praise which was divinely inspired predicting David and the Messiah. The experience was a blessing for her husband Elkanah, too. He saw the work of the Lord for her and would humble his own heart.|
The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded
.5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.
.6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
.7 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up.
|7 - Lord maketh Whether poor or rich, we are in the hands of the Lord. He expects us to use the blessings given for the blessing of others.|
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from
the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne
of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORDíS, and he hath set
the world upon them.
9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
.10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
| 8 -
the throne of glory This concept became clearer in the promise
of Christ re0321.
10 - Hannah looks forward to the final punishment of the wicked and deliverance of the righteous.
|.11 ¶ And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest.||Elkanah traveled with his "household" 1sa0121.|
Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.
.13 And the priestsí custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priestís servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand;
14 And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither.
15 Also before they burnt the fat, the priestís servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.
16 And if any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, Nay; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force.
17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.
- Sons ... knew not the Lord They certainly knew about Him.
May we seek an experience of personal commitment to Him.
13 - Priests' custom "When persons wished to present a sacrifice of peace offering on the altar, the offering was brought in the first instance to the priest, and as the Lord's part was burnt, the parts appropriated respectively to the priests and offerers were to be sodden. But Eli's sons, unsatisfied with the breast and shoulder, which were the perquisites appointed to them by the divine law (Ex 29:27; Le 7:31,32), not only claimed part of the offerer's share, but rapaciously seized them previous to the sacred ceremony of heaving or waving (... Le 7:29); and moreover they committed the additional injustice of taking up with their fork those portions which they preferred, while still raw. Pious people revolted at such rapacious and profane encroachments on the dues of the altar, as well as what should have gone to constitute the family and social feast of the offerer. The truth is, the priests having become haughty and unwilling in many instances to accept invitations to those feasts, presents of meat were sent to them; and this, though done in courtesy at first, being, in course of time, established into a right, gave rise to all the rapacious keenness of Eli's sons." (JFB).
But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen
19 Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.
20 And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The LORD give thee seed of this woman for the loan which is lent to the LORD. And they went unto their own home.
21 And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.
- Samuel ministered He performed duties of the Levites.
18 - Child The word na'ar is used for males now fully mature. See its use in v17 above.
19 - Coat An important part for telling the story to children.
21 - And bare three following Eli's prophecy and her own v5.
Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel;
and how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle
of the congregation.
23 And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this people.
24 Nay, my sons; for it is no good report that I hear: ye make the LORDíS people to transgress.
25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.
26 And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the LORD, and also with men.
- Hearkened not The evil sons refused Eli's counsel and turned
against the Lord.
25 - The Lord would slay them Literally, "it pleased the Lord to cause them to die." They had rejected protection from the Lord and had deliberately rejected the charge of their father and thus the Lord's protective angel ps3407.
26 - Child Samuel ... in favour The contrast between the two verses is important.
¶ And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith
the LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they
were in Egypt in Pharaohís house?
28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?
29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
|27 - There came a man of God The When Eli died at 98 1sa0415, Samuel would have been old enough to be a prophet himself. This even was apparently soon after his dedication. See 1sa0319-21.|
Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thy house, and
the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD
saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they
that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.
.31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy fatherís house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.
32 And thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation, in all the wealth which God shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever.
33 And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age.
- Walk before me for ever but Here is insight into the way
the Lord deals with us in relation to His promises. Some feel that promises
made to ancient Israel will yet be fulfilled to those who identify themselves
as Jews. This helps us see that the promises are conditional. They depend
on the cooperation of those claiming them. See re07b.
31 - Not be an old man Apparently referring to Eli who died at 98 1sa0415.
| 34 And this shall be
a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas;
in one day they shall die both of them.
35 And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.
36 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left in thine house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priestsí offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.
|35 - Faithful priest In contrast to Eli and family in v30. Zadok appears later but I believe this is Christ he0725&context.|