Job 20

Zophar answers Job's confidence with more curses.
This is the second speech of Zophar.
 1 ¶ Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said,
 2  Therefore do my thoughts cause me to answer, and for this I make haste.
 3  I have heard the check of my reproach, and the spirit of my understanding causeth me to answer.
.4  Knowest thou not this of old, since man was placed upon earth,
.5  That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?
 6  Though his excellency mount up to the heavens, and his head reach unto the clouds;
 7  Yet he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where is he?
  1 - Then answered Zophar He didn't agree with Job's closing statement recorded in the previous chapter jb1925ff.
  2 - Thoughts cause me Zophar is agitated and demonstrates his selfish character.
  4 - Knowest thou not A sarcastic (hateful) remark. Eliphaz showed the same spirit jb1507-13.
  5 - Triumphing ...short He failed to recognize that the wicked can appear to triumph all their lives ps03735f. In contrast Job has seen the wicked live, grow old, and powerful, then go down to the grave jb2113. Having suffered, Job understands.
 8  He shall fly away as a dream, and shall not be found: yea, he shall be chased away as a vision of the night.
 9  The eye also which saw him shall see him no more; neither shall his place any more behold him.
 10 ¶ His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore their goods.
  10 - His children are hoping that the poor will be kind to them, and his hands give back his wealth. (BBE)
 11  His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.
  9 - Eye also Zophar seems to repeat what Job said about himself jb0708,10. Compare jb0818, ps10315.
  11 - Bones are full of the sin The words "of the sin" are supplied by translators and unnecessary. The idea is that he has youthful strength.
.12  Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue;
 13  Though he spare it, and forsake it not; but keep it still within his mouth:
 14  Yet his meat in his bowels is turned, it is the gall of asps within him.
 15  He hath swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly.
  12 - Though sweet The fascination with sin tastes sweet but is deadly pr2017, jb0917,8.
.16  He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.
.17  He shall not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of honey and butter.
 18  That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.
  17 - Not see ... brooks Compare ex0308, ex0317, ex1305, de2609,15, is0722, jl0318.
  18 - Shall he restore According to Zophar, rich Job will have to give up his wealth.
 19  Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;
 20  Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired.
 21  There shall none of his meat be left; therefore shall no man look for his goods.
 22  In the fulness of his sufficiency he shall be in straits: every hand of the wicked shall come upon him.
  19 - Because ... oppressed ... poor Those who hate the righteous attack their character without evidence.
  20 - Not feel quietness Literally, "because he knew no quietness in his belly." The supposed wicked Job was not to expect peace. In reality, Job would, in the end, have great satisfaction jb4210.
 23 ¶ When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath upon him, and shall rain it upon him while he is eating.
 24  He shall flee from the iron weapon, and the bow of steel shall strike him through.
 25  It is drawn, and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall: terrors are upon him.
 26  All darkness shall be hid in his secret places: a fire not blown shall consume him; it shall go ill with him that is left in his tabernacle.
  23 - Cast fury Zophar has Job in mind.
  24 - Flee from Job is like one who escapes one weapon only to be killed by another.
  26 - Darkness ... hid Literally, "All darkness is reserved for his treasures."
  26 - Fire not blown ... consume Blowing on a small fire makes it active. Or perhaps the fire is from God, not kindled by humans. See jb0116.
 27  The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up against him.
 28  The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow away in the day of his wrath.
  27 - Heaven reveal iniquity Job would have no fear by the revelation of his character.
 29  This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.   This chapter sounds more like the hell fire preaching of Jonathan Edwards re14x.
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