This chapter is
difficult to translate since many words are from older Hebrew. It was apparently
not updated as the language changed. You may thus find significant variations
in the English translations.
| 1 ¶ Then sang Deborah
and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,
2 Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.
3 Hear, O ye kings; give ear, O ye princes; I, even I, will sing unto the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD God of Israel.
4 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.
.5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
| 1 -
Then Probably the time of chapter 4 jg0423.
2 - For the avenging ... The NASB reads, "That the leaders led in Israel, that the people volunteered."
4 - Seir The general area east of the Dead Sea and to the Red Sea. This was the wilderness area traveled by the Children of Israel.
| 6 ¶ In the days of Shamgar
the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, and
the travellers walked through byways.
.7 The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel.
.8 They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?
9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the LORD.
10 Speak, ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.
11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse the righteous acts of the LORD, even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his villages in Israel: then shall the people of the LORD go down to the gates.
| 6 -
Days of Shamgar See jg0331.
6 - Highways were unoccupied The Canaanites had forts along the main roads and hindered the travel of the Israelites.
10 - Ye that ride The more wealthy.
| 12 ¶ Awake, awake, Deborah:
awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive,
thou son of Abinoam.
13 Then he made him that remaineth have dominion over the nobles among the people: the LORD made me have dominion over the mighty.
14 Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.
15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For [or "among"] the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart.
.16 Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.
.17 Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.
18 Zebulun and Naphtali were a people that jeoparded their lives unto the death in the high places of the field.
|14 - Pen of the writer Better "Staff of the scribe."|
The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by
the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.
20 They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.
.21 The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength.
22 Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.
23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.
|21 - Kishon See on jg0415 and see map at re1616. Being swept away by the river is easy for my family and me to understand. We arrived in Rwanda in 1962 (long before the genocide of the 90s). Killed people were thrown into the river. It's easier than burying them. The bodies rose after beginning to decay and floated down the river into Lake Tanganyika. The people of Burundi (where the river entered the lake) weren't too happy about that. The killing had essentially stopped by the time we arrived.|
¶ Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be,
blessed shall she be above women in the tent.
.25 He asked water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish.
26 She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera, she smote off his head, when she had pierced and stricken through his temples.
27 At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bowed, he fell: where he bowed, there he fell down dead.
|24 - Blessed above women She was of a different race and allied with the enemy. The term "blessed" is used in the sense of praise. Compare lu0142.|
| 28 The mother of Sisera
looked out at a window, and cried through the lattice, Why is his chariot
so long in coming? why tarry the wheels of his chariots?
29 Her wise ladies answered her, yea, she returned answer to herself,
30 Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?
.31 So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years.